Nutrient Depletion From Medications - What You Should Know


As a Naturopathic doctor, medications are often not my first choice for treatment, however sometimes they are needed to appropriately address someone's care. While these medications play a role in our well-being, it's essential to be aware of potential nutrient depletions they can cause. The use of certain common medications can impact the body's ability to absorb and utilize vital nutrients, potentially leading to imbalances and deficiencies. In this blog post, we'll explore some of these nutrient depletions and discuss how you can take proactive steps to nourish your body while on medication.

1. Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs): Proton pump inhibitors are commonly prescribed for conditions like acid reflux and ulcers. However, long-term use of PPIs can reduce the absorption of key nutrients such as vitamin B12, magnesium, and calcium. Vitamin B12 is crucial for nerve health, energy production, and red blood cell formation, while magnesium and calcium are essential for strong bones, muscle function, and overall heart health. To counteract these depletions, consider incorporating B12-rich foods like fortified cereals and lean meats, as well as magnesium and calcium-rich foods like leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and dairy alternatives into your diet.

2. Antibiotics: Antibiotics are prescribed to fight infections, but they can also disrupt the balance of beneficial bacteria in the gut. This imbalance may lead to reduced absorption of nutrients, particularly B vitamins and vitamin K. B vitamins play a role in energy metabolism, nervous system health, and skin health, while vitamin K is essential for blood clotting and bone health. Consuming probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, and kimchi can help maintain a healthy gut flora and support nutrient absorption.

3. Diuretics: Diuretics are often prescribed to manage conditions like high blood pressure and edema. These medications can lead to the loss of potassium, magnesium, and sodium. Potassium is vital for heart health and muscle function, magnesium supports nerve and muscle function, and sodium maintains fluid balance in the body. To replenish these electrolytes, include potassium-rich foods like bananas, avocados, and sweet potatoes, and magnesium-rich foods like spinach, almonds, and whole grains in your diet.

4. Statins: Statin medications are prescribed to manage cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. However, they may lower the levels of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in the body. CoQ10 is an antioxidant that supports energy production in cells and promotes heart health. To support your CoQ10 levels, consider incorporating sources like fish, organ meats, and legumes into your meals.

5. Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids are used to manage inflammation and immune system responses. Prolonged use of these medications can lead to decreased levels of calcium, vitamin D, and potassium. Calcium and vitamin D are essential for bone health, while potassium is crucial for heart and muscle function. To maintain these nutrients, focus on a diet rich in dairy products, leafy greens, fatty fish (for vitamin D), and potassium-rich foods like bananas and oranges.

While medications play a significant role in our health, it's important to be mindful of the potential nutrient depletions they can cause. By making informed dietary choices and considering nutrient-rich foods, you can support your body's well-being while on medication. If you're concerned about nutrient deficiencies, consider consulting with a healthcare professional or a qualified Naturopathic doctor who can provide personalized guidance tailored to your individual needs. Remember, nourishing your body from the inside out is a key aspect of holistic wellness.